Odd numbered Yamakasa:
The Yamkasa are divided into odd and even numbered. The odd numbered are called Sashiyama and the even nubmered Dōyama. Sashiyama and Dōyama are traditionally each decorated with a certain type of replica on the very top.
According to old books, in 1708 Hakatas feudal lord told the people to display a fighting scene on the first, third and fith Yamakasa and put a wig on the top of the second, fourth and sixth. He said to the people the odd numbered should be the strong and manly Yamakasa and the even numbered ones the feminine and graceful Yamakasa. After this the Yamakasa are divided into Sashiyama and Dōyama, with the Sashiyama also referred to as “Otoko-yama”: “Male-mountain” and the Dōyama called “Onna-yama”: “Female-mountain.”
See also「Dōyama (Even numbered Yamakasa)」.
On the top of each Sashiyama a famous warrior is depicted with the names of Hakatas patron gods written on signs on his helmet. Because this is very distinctive, you can even see from afar if the Kazariyama is a Sashiyama.